Venous Disease Care at UnityPoint Health - Meriter

ER - Madison

15 min Average
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Venous Disease

Venous disease refers to all conditions related to or caused by veins that become diseased or abnormal. Venous disease is quite common and mild venous disease is usually not a problem. But, as venous disease worsens, it can become a crippling chronic venous insufficiency.

With normal circulation, arteries carry oxygen rich blood from your heart to the body, and veins return the blood to your heart. Veins have one-way valves along their length to keep the blood flowing to the heart. As muscles contract, the blood is squeezed forward in the veins. When muscles relax, the valves shut to prevent blood from flowing backward.

If the vein walls become weak or damaged, or if the valves are stretched or injured, the system stops working normally and the blood begins to flow backward when the muscles relax. This creates unusually high pressure in the veins, resulting in even more stretching, twisting and swelling of veins. The abnormal veins with their sluggish blood flow create disorders known as venous disease.

Venous Diseases Include:

  • Spider veins
  • Varicose veins
  • Leg swelling and pain
  • Chronic venous insufficiency
  • Leg skin changes
  • Leg ulcers
  • Phlebitis
  • Vascular Malformations
  • Venous Malformations