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Vascular Disease

The vascular system is the system of blood vessels, which includes arteries, veins and lymph vessels. The arteries carry blood from the heart to the tissues throughout your body and veins carry it back to the heart.

Vascular diseases involve occlusion, or narrowing of arteries by plaques, causing reduced blood flow through these vessels to your arms, leg, head and neck or to the abdominal organs, such as the kidneys and the bowel. In addition, ballooning of the arteries, usually of the main artery of the body, the aorta, results in aortic aneurysms. Rupture of these may cause bleeding and even death.

Numerous problems can result from vascular diseases -- ranging from leg pain during physical activity (claudication) to deterioration of skin leading to ulcers and gangrene. If a condition is severe, it may require open vascular surgery or endovascular interventions, such as angioplasty or stents.

Aortic aneurysms can be repaired with both stent-grafts and open surgery. Acute leg swelling due to blood clots may need treatment with drugs or interventions. Varicose veins or leg ulcers due to vein problems may need intensive medical treatment, surgery or other interventions.

Our multispecialty staff from vascular medicine, vascular surgery, diagnostic and interventional radiology, together with members of other specialties, strengthens our effectiveness in treating these disorders.

Information About Vascular Conditions

For patient education information, please visit VascularWeb.org.

Thirty-six topics on vascular conditions, tests, and treatments are available on  VascularWeb.org. This information was written by vascular surgeons and includes detailed graphics that explain each topic.

Conditions:

  • Abdominal Aneurysm
  • Aortoiliac Disease
  • Arm Artery Disease
  • Carotid Artery Disease, Stroke, Transient Ischemic Attacks (TIAs)
  • Claudication
  • Deep Vein Thrombosis
  • Diabetic Problems
  • Hyperlipidemia
  • Lymphedema
  • Mesenteric Ischemia
  • Peripheral Aneurysm
  • Peripheral Arterial Disease
  • Pulmonary Embolism
  • Renovascular Embolism
  • Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm
  • Thoracic Outlet Syndrome
  • Varicose Veins
  • Venous Insufficiency

Tests:

  • Angiogram
  • Ankle-Brachial Index
  • CT Angiography
  • Duplex Ultrasound
  • MR Angiogram

Treatments:

  • Amputation
  • Angioplasty Stenting
  • Carotid Endarterectomy
  • Carotid Stenting
  • Dialysis Access
  • Endarterectomy
  • Endovascular Stent Graft
  • Exercise
  • Foot Care
  • Surgical Aneurysm Repair
  • Surgical Bypass
  • Thrombolytic Therapy
  • Venous Access