UnityPoint Clinic - Allergy

Neonatology

What is Neonatology?

Neonatology is a subspecialty of pediatrics focused on the medical care of newborns that require advanced care or need extra monitoring. Neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) provide equipment designed for newborns that need specialized treatment. Premature infants, low-weight infants or infants with congenital defects can become easily overwhelmed with their new surroundings so it is important to monitor everything from light, noise, temperature and even physical contact to help provide a protective and supportive environment for their bodies.

What Does a Neonatologist Do?

UnityPoint Clinic neonatologists are trained specialists that handle the most complex and high-risk newborn situations. Neonatologists can diagnose and treat newborns with breathing disorders, infections and critical illnesses. The entire team within the NICU follows the coordinated care plan determined by the neonatologist to ensure the best care for the patient and family.

What is a NICU?

The NICU, usually located in the hospital, maintains stabilized environments for your newborn to provide comfort. They control the amount of light and noises, temperature, humidity and oxygen flow, as well as advanced treatments depending upon your newborns personal needs.

What is a NICU?

The NICU, usually located in the hospital, maintains stabilized environments for your newborn to provide comfort. They control the amount of light and noises, temperature, humidity and oxygen flow, as well as advanced treatments depending upon your newborns personal needs.

What Services and Treatments do the NICU Provide?

NICUs provide many levels of care depending on the needs of your newborn. NICUs also provide monitoring and stabilization to more critical care such as transfusions and surgeries. Our NICUs provide personal care and treatment to meet the needs of your newborn.

Most common reasons newborns are admitted to the NICU:

  • Premature Infants: Babies born before the 37th-week mark are classified as premature. These infants may need more care and attention because they might have underdeveloped organs or other difficulties after birth.
  • Low Birth Weight: Babies who are premature or full term can be classified as having low birth weight, anything less than 5 pounds, 8 ounces. These newborns could be at higher risk of breathing problems, low blood sugar and difficulty keeping warm.
  • Anemia: Condition where newborns have low red blood cell count. Newborns with Anemia are at risk of respiratory distress, swelling, enlarged liver and increased production of bilirubin which leads to jaundice, a yellowing of the skin and whites of eyes.
  • Apnea: Condition in which newborns have pauses in breathing lasting for more than 20 seconds, possibly due to underdeveloped parts of the brain that control the drive to breathe or due to illness.
  • Bradycardia: Abnormal slowing of the heart usually due to low oxygen levels in the blood. Bradycardia could be due to Apnea or a heart defect.

Benefits of UnityPoint Clinic Neonatologists

Our neonatology experts at UnityPoint Clinic are committed to providing newborns with the best technology and treatments to help your baby. We understand this is a difficult time for you and your family that's why we have caring, specially trained staff committed to providing 24 hour care support for your newborn.