Breastfeeding

Your body makes the perfect food for your baby - breast milk. Breast milk contains more than 200 nutrients to help your baby grow and develop. Breast milk changes as your baby grows to be exactly what your baby needs for optimal brain development.

Breastfeeding can...

Lessen the risk of breast, ovarian and uterine cancer for the mom

Help mom regain her pre-pregnancy figure sooner

Increase pride and closeness with baby

Save money

Breastfeeding babies may have...

Less risk of SIDS, illness and infections

Less gas, diarrhea and constipation

Less asthma and allergies

Less childhood cancers

Less diabetes and obesity

Better oral development, brain development and motor skills

Better response to immunizations

Better protection against diseases that last into adulthood


Breast milk storage and heating guidelines


  • Feed baby fresh breast milk whenever possible.
  • Keep breast milk chilled during transports.
  • Label with date and amount, and refrigerate as soon as possible.
  • Breast milk may be frozen. Freeze in the smallest amounts your baby may take in a feeding. Use the oldest breast milk first.
  • Warm breast milk by gently swirling in a cup of warm tap water. Don't ever microwave breast milk as it destroys the germ-killing cells. 

 

Prenatal breast care

It is important if you plan to breastfeed to learn as much as you can. As natural as breastfeeding is, the proper technique is a learned art. Women with any breast shape and nipple size can nurse, but women with flat or inverted nipples should prepare them before baby is born. The nipples can be assessed around the sixth month of pregnancy.

It was once thought prenatal nipple preparation would toughen the nipples and prevent soreness. We now know this supple tissue cannot be toughened and with appropriate latch-on skills after delivery a mom can lessen and often eliminate nipple soreness.

Some mothers who begin nursing their babies have problems. St. Luke's Prenatal Breastfeeding Class, books and talking with other women who have nursed are great resources for learning about breastfeeding and hopefully avoiding these problems.

What to look for during pregnancy in preparation for breastfeeding:

Common nipple - about 90 percent of pregnant women do not need to do any special preparation.

Flat nipple - a flat nipple does not always "stick out," although it may when the woman is cold or sexually aroused. Although pregnancy helps to get this kind of nipple ready, many mothers find their babies can grasp hold of the nipple more easily if the mothers have done the Hoffman Technique and worn a breast shell.

Hoffman technique - place the thumbs at the right and left edges of the areola. While pressing inward slightly, the thumbs are pulled firmly apart. This maneuver is repeated at least four times and then again with the thumbs at the top and bottom of the areola. There is some leakage of colostrum during Hoffman maneuvers - this is normal. If uterine irritability/cramping occur, stop using this technique.

Inverted nipple - an inverted nipple looks like a slit or fold. A partially inverted nipple folds in at one side only. A woman can tell if she has an inverted nipple by gently pinching the nipple at the base using the thumb and forefinger. If the nipple shrinks back, it is an "inverted nipple." Many women with inverted nipples have successfully breastfed, but special preparation is helpful.

Breast shells - breast shells can be worn prenatally and are for women with flat or inverted nipples. Contact St. Luke's Lactation Services at (319) 369-8944.

Nursing bra - the best time for a woman to be fitted for a nursing bra is around week 34 of pregnancy. Cotton flaps, non-elastic straps, and no underwires are important features of a nursing bra. Try the bra on before you buy it, you should be able to open the flaps with one hand. The bra should have at least two rows of hooks.

For more information, contact UnityPoint Health - St. Luke's Breastfeeding Services at (319) 369-8944.